Health

Common Dog Health Problems

Common dog health problems is an issue that is the responsibility of every dog owner to know about. A lot of people are raising dogs because they are good pets and they can be easily trained.  Dogs health should be maintained at its optimum level because good health is very crucial in their proper growth and development. However, you cannot really foresee if your dog will contract or develop any disease or illness.

Basic knowledge about common dog health problems is very important so that you can determine if your dog needs immediate attention from a veterinarian for appropriate management. You can read about dog health concerns from articles in the internet and from books, or you can ask your dog’s veterinarian for more information. It is essential to keep an eye on your dog’s health because prevention is better than cure. This will prevent you from enduring many unexpected costs, and this will help to keep your dog active and in good shape.

Here are some common dog health problems that you should know:

Rabies

Caused by rhabdovirus from the Rhabdoviridae family, and it affects the central nervous system that can cause infection of the brain of all mammals as well as humans. The virus can be found in the saliva and mucous membranes of an infected dog. The virus can be transmitted by biting and viral contamination of a broken skin or wound of an uninfected dog, other animals, or man. This is a very fatal disease and has no treatment. You should make sure that your dog has received a vaccination against rabies and keep them from rabies-infected animals.

Canine Distemper

Caused by paramyxovirus, an airborne virus that is highly contagious. The virus can be transmitted through air or via body secretions from an infected dog. It affects the eyes, nervous, integumentary, respiratory, and gastrointestinal systems of the dog. Nowadays, canine distemper is not fatal but it can cause serious and detrimental effects. There is no known and specific treatment for canine distemper. However, vaccinations can be a great help to prevent the disease from infecting your dog.

Canine Leptospirosis

Caused by leptospira interrogans, bacteria that infects the kidneys and the liver. The bacteria can be transmitted through contact with body secretions of an infected dog. It can be treated with antibiotics, intravenous fluid therapy, and intensive care and monitoring.

Kennel Cough

An upper respiratory disease caused by a variety of viruses, which includes parainfluenza, and bacteria, which includes bordetella. It is also known as Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis. It affects the trachea (windpipe) and bronchi which is found in the lungs. It is a very contagious disease that causes chronic dry hacking cough, wheezing, lack of appetite, and fever. Kennel cough can further develop as pneumonia in young puppies and old dogs.

Flea Infestation

An external parasite found in the dog’s skin. This is one of the most common dog health problems of all.  They are insects that belong to the Siphonaptera family, which literally means sucking-wingless. Fleas are ectoparasites that may appear light or dark brown in color; they are small like the size of a pencil lead, they are wingless and they are in constant motion. Fleas are commonly found at the base of the tail, between the ears, or on the abdomen where it has short hairs over it and they can be easily seen. There are treatments available for flea eradication such as flea shampoo, dips, and flea control sprays. But you must treat the environment of the dog as well for successful flea extermination.